The Names of God

The Names of God

“The name of the LORD is a strong tower, the righteous runs into it and is safe” Prov.18:10

Elohim:  The name of God as Creator. It is the first name God gives Himself. Gen. 1:1 - It is a plural noun used with a singular verb, suggesting the Trinity. Deut. 6:4 This name designates God as God Deut. 10:17.

El Elyon:  “God Most High” Gen. 14:18-23. This name declares the Sovereignty of our God, as King Nebuchadnezzar proclaims in Dan. 4:34-37.  But, He is also our Redeemer Psalm 78:35.

El Roi:  “the God Who Sees” Gen. 16:6-13; Psalm 34:15

El Shaddai:  God Almighty, the All-Sufficient One, Gen. 17:1-3 “El” means “mighty” or “strong” and is one of the oldest and most widely distributed terms for Deity known to the human race. “Shaddai” describes power, but it is the power, not of violence , but of all-bountifulness. He is The Pourer or Shedder forth of blessings, temporal and spiritual. He is our sufficiency II Cor. 12:9-10

Jehovah:  “The Self-Existent One” - meaning “to be, to become” The One who in Himself possesses essential life, permanent existence. “I AM WHO I AM” Ex. 3:13-15 He is the eternal I AM. Ex. 6:2-4. In scripture, when you see LORD and sometimes GOD, spelled with all capital letters it is translated from the Hebrew word Jehovah - YHWH. Gen. 15:1 “....the word of the LORD came to Abram....”

Adonai:  Lord and Master. “Lord is more than a word; it indicates a relationship. The lordship of God means His total possession of me and my total submission to Him as Lord and Master.” In scripture when Lord is spelled with an upper case L and the rest lower case letters, it is the name Adonai. Gen. 15:2 Our Lord - Our Adonai - is Jehovah, YHWH. Matt. 22:42-46

Jehovah Sabaoth:  The Lord of Hosts Is. 51:15-16. From God’s perspective, it is a name that reminds His people of exactly who He is I Sam. 17:45-46. He is not only the One who delivers, but also the One who judges. Hag. 1:7. This is the name of God to run to when there is no other help - from our perspective. I Sam. 1:10-11. This name of God meets failure and offers deliverance.  Psalm 46:7.   

(This information is mostly taken from Kay Arthur’s book “Lord I Want to Know You”.)